THE MOUNTAIN OF SAINT ANNE – a pilgrimage center located in Opole Silesia, at distance 16 km from Strzelce Opolskie, in the diocese of Opole.
For centuries, the gothic figure of St.. Anna Samotrzecia. The sculpture was made of linden wood by an unknown artist, probably in the mid-15th century. Saint Anna is depicted seated with Mary on her left and Baby Jesus on her right. The figure is located in the main altar of the basilica. The confirmation of the cult is the numerous votive offerings gathered around the figure.
According to tradition, in the 12th century. on top, then called St.. George, there was a chapel dedicated to this patron. Later, presumably at the beginning of the 15th century., it was replaced by a wooden church. st. Anna (sources confirm the existence of the church of 1516). Probably it was connected with the strong development of the cult of the Holy in the entire contemporary Europe. Only in Silesia in the 14th and 15th centuries. arose 50 objects erected in her honor. An important event in the history of the sanctuary was the handing over to the church by Mikołaj Kochcicki of the figure of the patron with the relics (between 1611 a 1630).
At the beginning of the 17th century. the construction of the calvary began. Construction works lasted from 1700 do 1709, the construction of the chapels was financed by Count Jerzy Adam Gaszyna (Adam of Gashin lub de Gashin), and the design was prepared by Domenico Signo. Kalwaria is a team 3 churches and 37 chapels that make up the so-called. stations of the Way of the Passion and the Paths of Our Lady. The Count asked O.O.. reformates, that they would take over the pastoral care of Calvary, but they refused. Calvary gradually fell into disrepair. Only Antoni Gaszyna undertook the restoration of the chapels. The restored Calvary was handed over to oo. reformatom. A solemn service combined with the consecration was held 14 September 1764. The chronicles say, that this ceremony was held 3400 communion. A year later, a fair was recorded during the Holy Week 40 thousand. pilgrims. One of the oldest pilgrimages comes from the All Saints parish in Gliwice.
Calvary built according to the pattern of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, consists of 3 churches and 37 chapels. The path of the Lord's Passion creates 28 station, and Mary's Paths consist of 7 pain stations, 7 funeral stations and 7 glorious stations.
From then on, the main religious ceremonies were usually associated with Kalwaria celebrations. The range of the sanctuary's influence was constantly growing. Pilgrimages from Greater Poland joined the Silesians, Galicia, The Kingdom of Poland, Moravia and Bohemia. The Kalwaria celebrations were held separately from 1861 for Polish and German nationality. W 1864 the hundredth anniversary of the restoration and consecration of Calvary was solemnly celebrated, in which it took part 400 thousand. pilgrims. The ceremony was considered the largest Polish congregation in Silesia in the 19th century. W 1910 statue of St.. Anna was crowned by the Bishop of Wrocław, Karol Augustyn. The sanctuary played a large role in promoting Polish national traditions among the population of Silesia.
In recent years, the pilgrimage movement to the sanctuary of St.. Anna is shaped within the limits 400-500 thousand. people per year. Most pilgrims came here to meet Pope John Paul II, 21 June 1983 (about a million people). Currently G.Ś.A. in connection with the increasing number of pilgrimages from German territories (largely native population, who emigrated to Germany in the post-war period) clearly transforming into a pilgrimage center of international rank.
Major religious ceremonies: Great indulgences: st. Anna (sunday before or after 26 July), Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary with Kalwaria celebrations (Friday, Saturday, sunday before or after 15 of August). Guardian Angels with Kalwaria celebrations (from Friday to Sunday v 2 weeks after the feast of the Assumption), Exaltation of the Holy Cross. combined with the celebration of Kalwaria (Thursday, Friday, Saturday, sunday before or after 14 September).
Small indulgences with Kalwaria celebrations: Good Friday, feast of Our Lady of the Scapular (sunday before or after 16 July), feast of St.. Peter of Alcantra (sunday before or after 21 October).
Franciscan indulgences: Monday after Pentecost with the Calvary celebration for the Secular Franciscan Order (III Zakon), feast of Our Lady of the Angels (Portioncula) (sunday before or after 2 August 8), feast of St.. Francis (sunday before or after 4 October).