GOSTYŃ – minor basilica. Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St.. Philip Neri located on the so-called. Święta Góra in the Archdiocese of Poznań. The city is about 70 km south of Poznań.
One of the most magnificent buildings rising on the Holy Mountain, baroque temples in Poland, belongs together with the monastery from 1668 to the Congregation of the Oratory of St.. Philip Neri (with breaks of sheds 1876-1919 – dissolution of the Congregation by the Prussian government, and during the war 1939-1945). This place has been considered sacred since the earliest times, as evidenced by the remnants of the old (pagan) a cremation graveyard.
It follows from the preserved documents, that the cult of the Mother of God was developing on the Holy Mountain from the 14th century. W XV w. a chapel was built there, a w 1512 church of. Zwiastowania NMP. The construction of the present monumental temple, designed by the Italian architect Baltazar Longhen, took almost a hundred years (1675-1756). The founder was Adam Konarzewski, miraculously healed in his infancy thanks to Our Lady of Sorrows. The model for the building was originally supposed to be the church of St.. Peter and Paul in Krakow, Ultimately, however, it became the temple of Santa Maria della Salute in Venice. W 1876 on the order of the Prussian authorities, the church was closed, a xx. the Philippines were driven out. It was reopened after 12 years, however, until independence was achieved (1918) pilgrims were forbidden to come there. W 1970 the church was given the title of minor basilica. Among the three objects famous for grace on the Holy Mountain, the main place is occupied by the miraculous image of the Mother of God with the Child on the main altar.. The modern image comes from 1540 and combines the Gothic and Renaissance styles. Mary, with one crown on his head and the other raised over it by angels, he holds a flower of a white rose in his hand, And Jesus – a royal apple leaning against a book – symbols of the ruler and teacher. In the background, there is a view of the 16th-century Gostyń with the parish church and the church on Święta Góra with 1512.
Numerous offerings of thanks were made in front of the painting. The oldest of them are the "rafters" of the heir of Brodnica, Krzyżanowski, healed from paralysis in 1495. After careful examination of the evidence, w 1726 church authorities found the painting miraculous, confirming the judgment of 1512, a w 1928 it was solemnly crowned by August Cardinal Hlond. Another object of worship is the Gothic-Renaissance sculpture of Our Lady of Sorrows from the 16th century., located in the side altar. During the Reformation, Anna Gostyńska ordered the figure to be chopped up and burned. However, not an ax, nor did fire interfere with the statues, so she was thrown into the well. Recovered after several years, because of the brightness above the well, she returned to church. Next to the well, whose water the pilgrims considered miraculous, especially treating eye diseases, a chapel was built. The third object, located in the altar of the chapel is a 16th-century crucifix. During the Swedish invasion, the painting and the pieta were taken to Silesia for protection, from where they came back safely.
Today, Święta Góra is one of the main centers of religious life in Wielkopolska. Od XVI w. the cult of the Virgin Mary of Świętogórska spread from Greater Poland to far-flung areas of the Republic of Poland and continues to this day. Groups of pilgrims from Poland and abroad come here all year round. 'But the greatest (thousands of people) multitudes of the faithful gather indulgences: MB Gromniczna (2 February), st. Philip Neri (26 May), Pentecost, Our Lady of Gostyń (25 June), Wniebowzięcia NMP (15 of August), Narodzenia NMP (8 September), Our Lady of Sorrows (15 September), Świętogórska Spiritual Rose (5 October), NMP Różańcowej (7 October), Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (8 of December). "Golden Book of the Holy Mountain", which is a continuation of the old book of miracles, contains numerous requests and thanks for received favors.