Cieszyn

CIESZYN – town in the Silesian Foothills. Sanctuary of Our Lady of Cieszyn, church of. St.. Mary Magdalene, Bielsko-Żywiec diocese. The painting of Our Lady of Cieszyn probably dates from the end of the 17th century. and is a copy of the painting by Salus Populi Romani (Our Lady of the Snow) made by an unknown artist. There are hypotheses, that initially this image was in the monastery of Fr.. Dominicans in Cieszyn. The many votive offerings offered by the faithful testify to the reverence received for centuries. After World War II, the forgotten painting stayed in the presbytery. The revival of the cult has only taken place in recent years, mainly thanks to the initiative of the current pastor, Fr.. Henryk Satława. The solemn coronation of the image under papal law was certainly a confirmation of the reviving cult 7 October 1997. Since two years, every 16 day of the month, there is a vigil in honor of Our Lady of Cieszyn, and every Saturday a thanksgiving and supplication service.

 

CIESZYNod XVI w. to the present day it is a significant center of Lutheranism. After the adoption of Luther's teachings by Prince Wenceslaus II Adam (1528-1579) the city converted to Lutheranism. Another prince, Adam Wacław, became a Catholic in 1610 and then the period of persecution of Evangelicals began, which ended only at the end of the 18th century. the edict of Joseph II. The end of the Northern War between Russia and Sweden is an important stage in obtaining the right to exercise worship, as a result of which the Altranstadt settlement in 1707, to which the so-called. enforcement recession z 1709. It provided for the construction of an evangelical church near Cieszyn. Construction of the Church of Jesus at the Higher Gate, called "the church by grace", already started in 1710 and it lasted a long time. W 1723 the naves were completed (do 1751 there was no tower). By the end of the 18th century. it was the only Evangelical parish in Cieszyn Silesia and one of the few regions of the then Habsburg monarchy and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in which the ideas of reformation were permanently adopted by the lower classes of society. The Church of Jesus in the 19th century. became a model of other evangelical churches in Silesia, and Cieszyn became an important border area, through which various religious ideas entered Poland. This is where the first Polish Pietist Lutherans appear, the first Polish religious association belonging to the Pentecostal tradition was born here, this is where the fraternal movement "came" to Poland. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries,. The Evangelical element played an important role in awakening national awareness. To this day, Evangelicals in Cieszyn Silesia constitute approx. 33% population.